Pigmentation is a coloring in the skin that is affected by the amount of melanin in the body. If a person suffers from skin pigmentation problems, this can show up in the form of sun spots, age spots, albinism, Addison’s disease and vitiligo. Color changes in the skin are not always dangerous but they could be indicative of something to be checked out. That’s why it’s important for people to see a dermatologist whenever they experience a change in skin color, especially on the face.
There are treatments for skin pigmentation out there. A skin specialist can go over all the possible causes of pigmentation, often caused by heredity or too much sun exposure, as well as what can be done about it. When the cells that make melanin are destroyed, this results in a discoloration of the skin. We all need melanin to guard against the sun’s harmful UV light but some of us have more than others. Dark-skinned people have more melanin than light-skinned people, for example. The less melanin a person has, the more light patches they’ll have, while the more melanin a person has, the darker patches they’ll have. It often presents itself in uneven skin tone, leading many people to seek out their skin doctors to see what can be done.
Melanin levels that work overtime can lead to melasma, leaving a dark discoloration on the cheeks and nose. It’s also known as the mask of pregnancy due to the darkened skin that appears in pregnant women due to the increase in hormones. Wearing sunscreens, avoiding sun exposure and using prescription creams can help. Another skin disorder is called vitiligo, characterized by smooth, white patches on the skin, cased by a reduction in pigment-producing cells. There is no cure for this condition but doctors may recommend anything from light therapy to corticosteroid creams to de-pigmentation of the skin that remains, to relieve or lessen symptoms. Sometimes, though, pigmentation changes can be caused by sun exposure, ulcers, blisters, burns or infections. In these cases, cosmetics can cover up many of these unsightly blemishes if desired.
Patients can ask a skin specialist what he or she can do to remedy their skin pigmentation issues. A doctor may recommend the above treatments, as well as natural at-home remedies, such as face masks made with foods such as cucumbers and avocados. A more invasive approach would be to use laser treatments to get rid of facial and other skin blemishes, such as uneven skin pigmentation, freckles and age spots. Doctors can sit down with patients to discuss the best option for them. They may suggest patients start off with prescription creams and avoiding sun, for instance. Once they have tried all the simple and natural home remedies, doctors may suggest some form of laser treatments to take care of the job once and for all. However, this procedure isn’t right for everyone. That’s why it’s important to seek medical advice and research the pros and cons of each option thoroughly.
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